Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a medical procedure performed to replace damaged or worn-out parts of the knee joint. The procedure involves removing the damaged or diseased cartilage and bone from the knee joint and replacing it with an artificial joint made of metal or plastic. Knee Replacement Surgery in Chandigarh is generally performed to alleviate pain and restore function in patients suffering from chronic knee pain caused by arthritis, injury, or other degenerative conditions.
The knee joint is a complex hinge joint that allows for the movement of the lower leg bone (tibia) relative to the thigh bone (femur). The ends of these bones are covered with a layer of cartilage, which serves as a cushion and reduces friction during movement. The knee joint is also surrounded by a network of ligaments, tendons, and muscles, which provide stability and support to the joint. However, due to ageing, injury, or other degenerative conditions, the cartilage in the knee joint may wear away, causing the bones to rub against each other, resulting in pain, swelling, and stiffness. In severe cases, this can lead to complete loss of function, making it difficult for patients to perform even simple activities like walking or climbing stairs.
Knee Replacement Surgery in Chandigarh is usually recommended when conservative treatments, such as medication, physical therapy, or assistive devices, are no longer effective in relieving pain or restoring function in patients with knee problems. The surgery is performed in a hospital under general or regional anaesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon makes an incision in the knee and removes the damaged cartilage and bone from the joint. Then, the artificial joint is placed into the knee and secured with cement or other materials.
There are several types of knee replacement surgery, including partial knee replacement, total knee replacement, and revision knee replacement. Partial knee replacement is a procedure that involves replacing only the damaged part of the knee joint, while preserving the healthy parts. Total knee replacement, on the other hand, involves replacing the entire knee joint. Revision knee replacement is a procedure performed to replace a previously implanted artificial joint that has worn out or failed.
The need for knee replacement surgery varies from person to person and depends on several factors, including age, medical history, and the severity of the knee problem. Generally, knee replacement surgery is recommended for patients with chronic knee pain or other symptoms caused by arthritis, injury, or other degenerative conditions that have not responded to conservative treatments. Common conditions that may require knee replacement surgery include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, and avascular necrosis.
Knee replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can provide long-lasting pain relief and improve function in patients with knee problems. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, more than 600,000 knee replacement surgeries are performed each year in the United States, and the success rate of the procedure is very high. However, like any surgical procedure, knee replacement surgery also carries some risks, including infection, blood clots, and nerve damage. Therefore, it is important for patients to discuss the potential risks and benefits of knee replacement surgery with their doctor and to carefully follow post-operative instructions to ensure a successful recovery.
In conclusion, Knee Replacement Surgery in Chandigarh is a common medical procedure performed to alleviate pain and restore function in patients with knee problems caused by arthritis, injury, or other degenerative conditions. The need for knee replacement surgery varies from person to person and depends on several factors, including age, medical history, and the severity of the knee problem. While the surgery carries some risks, it is generally considered safe and effective and can provide long-lasting pain relief and improve function in patients with chronic knee pain. If you are experiencing knee pain or other symptoms, it is important to talk to your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for your specific condition.